NISPA

Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction

Attentional bias, craving and cannabis use in an inpatient sample of adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cannabis use disorder: The moderating role of cognitive control

TitelAttentional bias, craving and cannabis use in an inpatient sample of adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cannabis use disorder: The moderating role of cognitive control
PublicatietypeJournal Article
Jaar van publicatie2019
AuteursVan Kampen-Dunkerbeck A, Cousijn J, Engel C, Rinck M, Dijkstra BAG
UitgaveAddict Behav
Volume100
Pagina's106126
Publicatiedatum2019 Sep 10
ISSN1873-6327
Samenvatting

Motivational processes like attentional bias and craving have been related to substance use. However, results are inconclusive. The present cross-sectional study was designed to replicate and extend previous research by investigating the relationships between attentional bias, craving, cognitive control and (severity of) cannabis use in a sample of inpatient adolescents and young adults (aged 18-30) diagnosed with CUD according to DSM-5. Contrary to expectations, our sample did not show attentional bias for cannabis words, neither did attentional bias correlate with craving, cognitive control or (severity of) cannabis use. In line with our hypotheses, however, increased session-induced craving was correlated to more daily cannabis use and reduced cognitive control. Furthermore, participants who displayed reduced cognitive control used more cannabis per day. A bootstrapped hierarchical regression model showed that, contrary to expectations, cognitive control did not modulate the relationships between attentional bias, craving and cannabis use. This study highlights the unique role of craving in relation to cannabis use and extends previous findings that cognitive control appears to have no moderating role regarding cannabis use disorder. Based on our results, it might well be that the underlying mechanisms of cannabis use disorder differ from those in other substance use disorders.

DOI10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.106126
Alternatieve uitgaveAddict Behav
PubMed ID31605838