NISPA

Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction

The generalizability of the structure of substance abuse and antisocial behavioral syndromes: A systematic review

TitelThe generalizability of the structure of substance abuse and antisocial behavioral syndromes: A systematic review
PublicatietypeJournal Article
Jaar van publicatie2018
AuteursSoe-Agnie SE, Paap MCS, VanDerNagel JEL, Nijman HJM, de Jong CAJ
UitgavePsychiatry Research
Volume259
Pagina's412-421
Samenvatting

BACKGROUND: Although several authors have suggested that a single externalizing spectrum encompassing both antisocial behavioral syndromes and substance use disorder is to be preferred, this assumption has not been evaluated systematically throughout studies.

PURPOSE: The objective was to establish the generalizability of transdiagnostic models of externalizing disorders across different types of disorders and populations, in regard to the strength of the evidence.

METHOD: We conducted a systematic literature review using combinations of two sets of keywords: 1) "antisocial", "externalizing", "conduct disorder", "disruptive behavior disorder", "substance abuse", "substance-related disorder", "cannabis", "cocaine", "hallucinogen", "alcoholism", "opioid"; 2) "latent structure", "factor analysis", "multivariate analysis".

RESULTS: Models supporting a superordinate factor appeared dominant in a limited set of different populations, on which the majority of the research sample was focused.

CONCLUSIONS: Although the externalizing spectrum model is a promising angle for future research and treatment, extending research on this model in a higher diversity of populations is recommended to enhance the understanding and applicability of the externalizing spectrum model.